The buffalo nickel, also known as Indian head nickel, is a five cents coin of the US. It was minted in the years 1913 to 1938 and comprised the majority cover and a twenty-five percent nickel. The coin is extremely light, weighing about five grams, and is twenty-one millimeters in diameter. James Fraser sculpts the coin, and it has a right side face portrait of an American, and the other side of the coin has an American bison sculpted.
Story of evolution
The early five cents coin had a liberty face, and we’re present till 1907. Fraser then submitted his design, which got approved for the five cents mintage. The new design had a native American’s face on one side. Fraser wanted to teach something truly American in the coin; he found out that there would be nothing more reliable to the theme than the native Indians in North America. So his coin has a native American and an American bison. The coin submitted by him to the Secretary had the terms In God we trust which was asked to be removed. He submitted three electrotypes that were the size of a coin to the Secretary to choose the designs from.
Charles Barber designed the earlier coins of five cents with a liberty head. The authorities had ordered to include the title cents in the coin as it was similar to the size of five dollars, and the thieves can easily guild some new nickel and then use it as a five-dollar coin. The liberty head wasn’t much appreciated by the President and wanted the coin to be redesigned. Saint Gaudens designed the eagle and the double eagle from 1904-1907, the half eagle by other artisans. Then the mint director appointed the sculptor, Fraser, to design the cent.
Hobbs was a prominent coin manufacturing company in the US at that time. Despite authorities’ approval, Fraser’s buffalo nickel had been put into a halt as this manufacturer didn’t agree on minting it. It started that the new design was incompatible and that amendments have to be made on it for minting. Fraser physically met the manufacturing engineers, discussed the new design, and made a change in the design by adding around the border. Despite the change, there were further clashes between the company and the sculptor.